The Truth on Kashmir and Terrorism in India
India has been the most terrorized country in the world
-US State Department Report on
Is an Extraordinary Democracy
Our current Ambassador to India, the Hon. Mr. Blackwill, while being a Harvard
faculty and briefing candidate Bush in 2000 on foreign affairs at his Texas
ranch, asked him why he was so interested in India.
Mr. Bush replied, AA
billion people in a functioning democracy!
Can you believe it? Can
you believe it?@ (from the Times of India.)
On 12-21-01, the British High Commissioner (Ambassador) to India, the Hon. Mr.
Rob Young told the press that the British government A...
never asked India to exercise restraint@
is a highly responsible democracy@,
and that ABritain
right to self-defense.@
US Congress passed a resolution congratulating India for successful elections
in 1999. Of 400 votes cast, 4
were opposed. The tiny opposition
included Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA) and Rep. Don Burton (R-IN), who have spoken out
on behalf of khalistan terrorists.
is the Kashmir Issue?
UN Security Council resolutions 38-40, and particularly the resolution of
August 13, 1948, said that Pakistan had attacked Kashmir, and ordered Pakistan
to withdraw its forces and its tribals. Pakistan
has yet to obey UN Security Council and withdraw from lands (now called POK,
Pak Occupied Kashmir) controlled illegally.
Recently released documents reveal that in 1948, the then US Secretary of
State Gen. George C. Marshall told the pro-Pak British that Kashmir=s
accession with India was legal and final as far as US was concerned.
In 1952, the Kashmir legislature, elected in elections recognized by observers
as free and fair, with 100% of the legislators Muslim, voted to ratify Kashmir=s
accession with India.
Pakistan gave away large part of the POK to China, which now claims those
lands as its own.
is a State-Sponsor of Terrorism
In April 1993, then CIA director James Woosley at an open Senate hearing said,
Pakistan, while not yet on the State Department's list of state sponsors of
but is Aon
In December 1999, the Director of CIA George Tenet and State Department
Coordinator for Counterterrorism Michael Sheen testified before a Senate
subcommittee that US has evidence that Pakistan is a state-sponsor of
terrorism against India.
In 2000, State Department=s
report on terrorism described Pakistan=s
official involvement in terrorism against India, but fell short of adding
Pakistan to list of countries sponsoring terrorism because that would have
automatically triggered severe sanctions against an old cold-war ally.
In 2000, a bipartisan Congressional commission on terrorism recommended to the
State Department that sanctions be imposed on Pakistan for its role in
terrorism, but this report was ignored.
The British government in Spring 2001 put several Pakistan-supported
organizations openly engaged in terrorism on the official list of terrorist
organizations, to be followed later by the US.
Major political parties in Pakistan and Pak media have repeatedly asked Pak
governments over the years to break bonds with terrorists and get out of the
Kashmir issue, because supporting terrorists has resulted only in increasing
Talibanization of Pakistan.
Benazir Bhutto, ex-Pak Prime Minister, has said that ISI (Pakistani government=s
intelligence service) is a force onto itself, and she had no knowledge of what
ISI was doing when she was PM.
On 11-21-01, the Hon. Mr. Robert D. Blackwill, US Ambassador to India, told
the press that Pakistan-supported individuals involved in killings in Kashmir
are terrorists and that AThey are not freedom fighters.
No country will be permitted to provide sanctuaries to terrorists.@
He made similar comments again on 2-27-02.
On 11-29-01, the British Parliament was told by the Foreign Office Minister
that the British government has told the Pakistani government to cease support
direct and obvious involvement in terrorism against India over decades has
resulted in 50,000 Hindus being amongst 70,000 innocent civilians killed and
500,000 Hindus fled Kashmir in terror; world has been silent about this ethnic
cleansing of Hindus from Kashmir.
Pak does not have just Hindu blood on its hands.
Pak press reported that one of the first things General Musharraf did
after grabbing power in Nov. 1999 coup was to shut down a Pak commando unit
being trained by CIA to go after bin Laden.
If only bin Laden had been caught in 2000 ...
Pakistan, which created, nurtured and protected Taliban, has claimed that
Taliban is not terrorist.
Pakistan press reported in Dec. 2001 that Pak dictator Musharraf was a
Director of Rabita Trust, a terrorist organization masquerading as a charity,
and US had to warn him to step down before adding this organization to a
Pak v. US: CBS News quoted
numerous workers to the effect that Osama bin Laden had received his kidney
dialysis at their Pak military hospital on the eve of 9-11.
Pak v. US: NY Times reported that
Pak had to send airplanes to rescue its army fighting US coalition in
Afghanistan; when asked, the Pentagon issued only non-denial denials.
CNN reported on 1-12-02, that 50 Pak soldiers, arrested at Kandahar,
admitted to fighting under Pak officers.
promises about Pak eliminating terrorism, NY Times said that he had to
redefine Pakistan's sense of itself Aafter
two decades of drift into lawlessness and violence.@
President Bush, British PM Tony Blair and French President Jacques Chirac,
have all demanded that Musharraf act on his promises to root out Pak terrorism
The Daily Telegraph (London) said in its lead story on 2-23-02 that British
and American special forces have joined Indian troops to hunt down Osama bin
Laden in one of Kashmir=s
remote areas Athat
are nearly impossible for the Indian Army to police@.
Bin Laden is believed to be hiding there with the help of
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, one of Pak terrorist organizations.
An editor of the Karachi Herald wrote that Sheikh Ahmed Omar Saeed, the
alleged mastermind behind the abduction of Mr. Daniel Pearl, indicted in US in
1994, operated in Pakistan freely since his release from an Indian prison in
exchange for hostages aboard a hijacked Indian airliner.
One week after Omar Sheikh turned himself in to ISI for protection, the Pak
military intelligence, Pak lied that the police had arrested him on the eve of
visit to the US, and ABC publicized Pak lies that India was behind the
kidnapping of Mr. Pearl.
NY Times reported on 2-26-02 that a Pak Army/ISI Brigadier had a role in
nurturing Jaish‑e‑ Mohammed, the terrorist organization behind the
kidnapping and murder of Mr. Pearl, and suggested that investigations in
killing of Pearl would reveal a great deal about ties between terrorists and
Newsweek reported on 3-5-02 that Pearl=s
killers might have been agents of Pak government=s
NY Times and the Boston Globe have reported that 4,000 Pak army officers were
involved in Pak ISI conducting terrorism against India.
Ram Temple and Communal Riots in India
Hindus believe that God himself takes birth on earth in times of dire need,
and that Ram and Krishna were such human incarnations of God.
Places of these births of God are especially holy for Hindus.
Muslim conquerors destroyed over 5,000 temples in North India, including those
at the sites holiest for Hindus. They built mosques there instead, which have
no particular significance to Islam. In
order to reconstruct their holiest temple, Hindu organizations have offered
compromises to Muslims.
is also a State-Sponsor of Terrorism
The world is also silent about harrowing abuse and ethnic cleansing of Hindus
from Bangladesh. Amnesty
International has publicized horrible atrocities against Hindu women in
Bangladesh, such as gang-rapes in front of their fathers and husbands,
resulting in floods of Hindu refugees from that country.
Bangladeshi government does nothing beyond denying facts.
of India Society International, Inc.
Panse, M.Sc., M.A., Ph.D., New
India's War Against Terrorism
The central issue in the world today is
The reason India is threatening military action
against Pakistan is terrorism.
Pakistan has been a state sponsor of terrorism!
Therefore, it is terrorism we want to talk about.
by US India Relations
million Moslems live in India and 140 million live in Pakistan.
40% of Pakistan was Non-Moslem. Today ONLY 3 % are left while the world has
looked the other way.
25% of India was Moslem (60 million). 1991: 95.2 million. Despite migration of
millions of Moslems to Pakistan, TODAY 18% (150 million ) of Indians are
Moslems. This shows that the Moslem population is reaching pre-partition
demographics in India.
Pakistan's Role in Terrorism
December 1999: George Tenet, Director of CIA
and Michael Sheen, State Department Coordinator for Counter Terrorism, Michael
Sheen testified before a Senate Sub-Committee that :
US intelligence has sufficient evidence that
Pakistan is a state-sponsor of terrorism against India
Pakistan & Terrorism
In 2000, the State Dept's report on terrorism
described Pak's official involvement in terrorism against India.
- But fell short of adding Pak to list of
countries sponsoring terrorism to avoid triggering severe sanctions against an
old cold-war ally.
Pakistan & Terrorism
Year 2000: a bipartisan congressional
commission on terrorism recommended to the State Dept that sanctions be
imposed on Pakistan for sponsoring terrorism.
Spring 2001: The British put Pakistani
organizations openly engaged in terrorism
on their official list of terrorist organizations.
Pakistan is a State Sponsor of Terrorism
November 2001: According to Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of
Non-Kashmiris engaged in killings in
India are terrorists. “If I had been Prime Minister of Pakistan,
(the events of) Sep. 11 would not have happened” – Benazir Bhutto,
Pakistan and Terrorism
Our own American Taliban, John Walker, has
admitted to fighting in Kashmir. This could not have happened without the help
of ISI, which created and nurtured the Taliban.
Robert Blackwill: US Ambassador to India,
Nov. 21, 2001 New Delhi, stated in a press conference for foreign media
that “all persons involved in killings in Kashmir were terrorists and that
they were no freedom fighters.”
Ethnic Cleansing of Hindus in Kashmir
Pakistani government’s direct aiding and
abetting of terrorism in Kashmir has resulted in:
20,000 Hindus killed and 500,000 Hindus have
fled Kashmir in terror. The world has been mostly silent about this ethnic
cleansing of Hindus from Kashmir.
Musharraf as Army Officer
Musharraf as Dictator
Dec 2001: The “Kunduz Airlift” sent
airplanes and helicopters to rescue Pakistanis fighting with the Taliban/El
Quaeda against the US coalition.
(Seymour Hirsch New Yorker Feb 2002)
Musharraf as Chief of Army Staff
Recent Documents have Revealed
1948: US Secretary of State Gen. George C.
Marshall told the British that Kashmir's accession with India was legal and
final as far as US was concerned.
Therefore the lie of “Kashmir being a
disputed territory” is very disturbing while it has further emboldened the
position of Islamic militants.
ROOT CAUSE OF THE CRISIS IN KASHMIR
Struggle between two conflicting value systems.
To India just like the US, secularism with a peaceful co-existence with
cultural, ethnic and religious diversity is the most important issue.
Pakistan calls itself an “Islamic Republic”, and its stated
raison d’etre is
the “two nation theory” that Moslems cannot and must not be
allowed to co-exist with other religions.
1947: Result of this Dichotomy
One section of Muslims led by Jinnah and
his Muslim League Party demanded and agitated for a separate country.
Nearly as many Muslims rejected this, and
firmly believed in India’s secular policy. They opposed partitioning India
on the basis of religion. They chose to remain in India after India
achieved its independence
from the British.
Today they are full citizens of India.
Important to clarify
There were two categories of pre-partitioned
1) British India that was partitioned based on
2) Princely States where the ruler had full
autonomy to join India OR Pakistan by signing the Instrument of
Accession, in which Kashmir joined with India.
When the British left, the 584 princely states,
constituting 45% of undivided India became sovereign entities with 2 options:
Join Secular India
2) Join Moslem Pakistan
National Conference Party
Was the largest political
party of Kashmir with a preponderance of Moslems with Hindus and Buddhists as
members under the leadership of a Moslem - Sheikh Abdullah.
This party had consistently
since the 1930s expressed opposition to the two nation theory and in 1947
urged that Kashmir join secular India.
Sheikh Abdullah: 1947
Leader of the opposition to Maharaja Hari
Jailed by Hari Singh.
Insisted on joining a secular India so that Kashmir would remain secular and
Pakistan and its Islamic bigotry.
religious composition of the Princely States was not relevant at the time per
did not ascertain the will of the people of the princely states that
acceded to it in 1947.
October 22, 1947
Commanded by General Akbar Khan,
later promoted to Chief of Pakistan's army.
included many Pakistan Army officers and men, in and out of uniform. C3I and
artillery provided by regular Pakistan Army
- Just like the Taliban Army, 2001.
Entire villages e.g. Baramula, Rajouri and
Poonch were destroyed by the Pakistani army while committing murder, rape and
Rather than any negotiated settlement,
Pakistan chose the route of brute force in 1947.
Is this out of concern for Kashmiris?
Pakistan attacked Baramula
Kashmir: October 1947
Killing 7,000 in a town of 10,000 people
Especially brutal to Sikhs,
whom the Pakistani army labeled as "Ball Walle Kafir", the
non-believer with hair.
Destroyed the hospitals,
Hindu and Sikh temples and the church of Baramula.
Skardu (POK): Radio message
from Pak Commander to Pak HQ: “Skardu liberated. All Sikhs killed. All women
Ruler of Kashmir appealed to India for
Why? Because Kashmir's
small state army was no match for the Pakistani army.
Instrument of Accession to India was
October 1947: Lord
Mountbatten, the Governor General of India accepted the Kashmiri ruler's
request to join the Indian Union
A legal document called the
Instrument of Accession was signed between India and the Kashmiri ruler.
This same document was also
signed by the other 584 princely states.
Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir - updated reprint 1995
than Texas's accession to the USA, Kashmir's accession to India is legal,
final, binding and irrevocable”.
Source: A S Anand Chief Justice of Supreme Court of India -
Kashmir is saved from Pakistani invasion
October 1947: Lord
Mountbatten asked India to send its troops to save Kashmir from Pakistani
Indian Premier Nehru
insisted on Sheikh Abdullah being freed from prison as condition for Indian
Indian troops were sent with the enthusiastic
consent of Sheikh Abdullah
Lord Mountbatten's diaries
October 1947: Kashmir's
popular Moslem leader Sheikh Abdullah supported Kashmir's accession to India
Of interest: Earlier Sheikh
Abdullah had demonstrated against the Kashmiri ruler for greater democracy
& civil rights.
Now: Sheikh Abdullah expressed the sentiments
of the majority of Kashmiri people in a famous speech.
A key point of Sheikh Abdullah's
"We the people of Jammu and Kashmir, have thrown our lot with the
Indian people, not in a heat of passion or a moment of despair, but by a
deliberate choice.” Sheikh Abdullah: October 1947
First Muslim leader of Kashmir was
appointed by India
October 31, 1947: Sheikh
Abdullah a Moslem was appointed Head of the
Kashmir Emergency Administration
Then was made the first
Prime Minister of Kashmir. His was the first
government in Kashmir.
For most of the time since 1947, AND TODAY,
“Indian-Kashmir” has been ruled by the National Conference Party of Sheikh
Abdullah and always headed by a Moslem.
Pakistan’s pattern of aggression
Initially Pakistan denied having sent troops
into Kashmir in October 1947
Subsequently admitted by Pakistani leaders and
This is a consistent
Pakistani pattern in 1947, 1948, 1965, 1971 and recently in 1999 in Kargil.
Same tactic used in
Afghanistan, where 40% of the Taliban's Officer corps and 30% of its troops
were Pakistani, until Operation Enduring Freedom began.
United Nations: Jan 1, 1948
India complained to the UN so as to get
Pakistan to end Pakistani aggression against India in Jammu and Kashmir.
superiority even in 1947 India did not want to use force to vacate the
Indian territory in Kashmir occupied by Pakistan.
Instead, India turned to the UN.
If India had believed in a military solution on Kashmir, it could have
done so in 1965, 1971 and 1999. And today.
The United Nations Security Council
UN avoided taking sides between India and
UN did not even question the legality of
Kashmir's accession to India.
Doing such would be like questioning the
legality of the very partition of British India into India and Pakistan.
United Nations Appointed a Commission:
Under Charter 6: to mediate between India and
UN stated the issue is for India and Pakistan
to resolve & these resolutions are NOT a directive, only recommendations.
UN resolutions were issued on April 21, 1948,
August 13, 1948, Jan. 5, 1949 and March 14, 1950.
Resolution: Jan 5, 1949
for three actions in this sequential order
(1) First, Pakistan must withdraw all its
troops and all non-Kashmiris from Kashmir.
(2) Next India should
withdraw bulk of its troops RETAINING those required for law and order;
all those who had left Kashmir (on both sides) as refugees should be allowed
AND ONLY THEREAFTER
ascertain the wishes of the Kashmiri people in both portions of Kashmir under
Pakistan violated the UN Resolution
Pakistan is non-compliant: has not withdrawn
its occupied forces thereby violated the first of the 3 actions outlined by
the UN resolution.
ON the contrary India has only permitted
Kashmiris to own land in India's Kashmir per Article 170 of the Indian
Constitution and per UN resolution.
Is Pakistan willing to implement step one even now by withdrawing its military
from the portion of Kashmir it has occupied by aggression in 1947?
If refugees are allowed to return and claim their lands, would that include
the non-Moslem citizens?
are Kashmiri Pandits - 400,000 to 600,000 are still living as Displaced
Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (POK)
Lacks all democratic institutions. Administered
by a Pakistani “minister for
Azad Kashmir" or Military Governor appointed by Islamabad.
disallows the option of an independent Kashmir. If anyone in POK raises that demand, it is an act of
treachery and punishable by death. POK residents must sign Oath of Loyalty to
Pakistan to get ration cards.
Residents of the “Northern
Areas” of Gilgit/Baltistan are afforded no citizenship rights
Pakistan Refused to Withdraw
Pakistan has consistently refused to withdraw
its forces from the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir portion.
Instead, Pakistan joined big power blocks and
received massive military and economic aid from the West.
Pakistan Attacked India in 1965
Dictator Ayub Khan sent
34,000 Pakistani soldiers into Kashmir and Gujarat in massive land and air
attacks against India.
Jammu-Kashmir, (2) New Delhi
Of 3 Indian soldiers awarded the “Param Vir
Chakra” (all posthumous) for heroism, one was Moslem – Havildar Abdul
Pakistan was defeated by
India and signed the Tashkent agreement with India.
Pakistan Attacked India in 1971
Pak Dictator General Yahya Khan killed 3
million Pakistani citizens in East Bengal after rejecting election results,
and launched air-land attacks on India - which led to the birth of Bangladesh.
In all three wars, Kashmiris rose to the
defence of India. They joined the Indian army to defeat the Pakistanis.
Birth of Bangla Desh
Buried the two nation theory of dividing
nations on the basis of religion.
July 1972: Pakistan signed the “Simla
Agreement” with India.
Simla Agreement: Pakistani PM Z.A. Bhutto, who
replaced Yahya Khan, agreed to resolve all issues peacefully through bilateral
1971: India had captured
vast areas of Pakistani territory and 93,000 POWs.
India agreed not to let
Bangla Desh try the Pakistani POWs on War Crimes charges.
India returned captured territory in both '65
and ‘71, even in Jammu-Kashmir - proof that India is: (a) not
interested in acquiring foreign territory; (b) willing to settle all disputes
The Simla Agreement
Supported by the UN and the US the “Simla
Agreement” required all disputes between Pakistan and India to be resolved
bilaterally and not to resort to aggression to solve problems.
A Line of Control was established in 1972 as a
result of the Simla agreement between Indira Gandhi and ZA Bhutto.
The 1972 Simla agreement was later endorsed in
the 1999 Lahore Declaration between Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif stating that all
differences will be resolved by bilateral negotiations.
Musharraf then army chief and his ISI did not
like this action by Nawaz Sharif and continued the terrorist acts against
UN and Kashmir
"Unless the two sides approach us, we
cannot get involved. If India and Pakistan approach the U.N. on this (Kashmir)
issue, it will be ready to help. The
best solution lies in direct contact between the two countries.” Boutros B.
Ghali, the U.N. Secretary General, March 1992
FOURTH Invasion by Pakistan
1999 Kargil War
When Prime Minister Vajpayee went to Lahore,
Pakistan for signing a peace agreement in a BUS-Diplomacy tour, the Pakistani
army secretly invaded India and even occupied a portion of Indian territory in
Pakistan Violated Simla Agreement
The 1999 Kargil War was a
violation of the “Simla Agreement”by illegally taking control of part of
Indian portion of Kashmir territory.
Subsequently Clinton &
Nawaz Sharif met at Camp David & Clinton asked Nawaz Sharif to withdraw
Pakistani army from Kargil, India.
With support of the world
community India went to a limited war and had it vacated.
Musharraf refused to be present when Vajpayee
and Nawaz Sharif signed the “Lahore Declaration”.
He was the Chief of the Pakistani Armed Forces
at the time; said he would not want to salute Vajpayee.
Current UN Secretary General
UN Secretary General Kofi Anan has said: “I
call upon both India and Pakistan to retain the spirit of the Lahore
Pakistan's obsession with Kashmir
Madrassas of Pakistan: In last 12 years,
unemployed youth educated in the religious madrassas of Pakistan are trained
by Pakistan’s spy agency ISI to infiltrate into Indian Kashmir and
ethnically cleanse the Hindus, Sikhs and secular Moslems, destroy schools,
hospitals, and basic infrastructures.
September 11, 2001 & Pakistan's Madrassas
These same “madrassas” are also the
breeding ground of terrorists who supported Al Queda and the talibans and were
responsible for the 9/11 attacks on US.
Loss of Lives in Kashmir
Today, of the 2,400 militants active in the
Kashmir valley alone, 1,400 are foreigners. In last 12 years 20,000 lives have
been lost and the world has remained silent.
Pakistan & US anti-terror coalition
Was not a change of heart by
It was due to the ultimatum given by US after
the September 11 attacks.
The recent promise by Musharraf of cracking
down on Kashmiri terrorists operating from Pakistan needs to be matched with
LA Times Editorial: January 15, 2002 “Pakistan's
The Times Editorial rightly states
“India welcomed the address (by Musharraf) but rightly demanded
action as well. The key will be Pakistan's dealings with the border
guerrillas that it considers fighters for freedom of the disputed territory.
India considers them terrorists.”
Core of Indian Nationhood
President Bush has said the
September 11 attacks were an attack on the US spirit of freedom and democracy;
Likewise the terrorists
activity going on in Kashmir is an attack on the principles of multi-cultural
pluralism. This is the core of the Indian nationhood.
The world community must
insist Pakistan stop attacking India's principles of multi-cultural
India and the US are the twin tower's of the world's democracies.
Therefore it behooves the US to insist that:
Pakistan dismantle ALL its terrorist training
complexes and not just move them.
Pakistan bring about a change of attitude in
its army to honor the present line of control with India.
Kashmir must remain an integral part of India.
US must support India's secular position on Kashmir.
Loss of Kashmir could result in the slow
disintegration & talibanization of India.
India must remain a proud secular democratic
republic like the US.
The author profusely thanks
the following persons for contributing information & for carefully
critiquing this presentation:
Damodar Sardesai, PhD
Professor Emeritus of History UCLA
Dr Kalpesh Desai
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